Tuesday, December 16, 2014

This Year’s Work of the NCPEA Executive Board on Behalf of Its Members

Marc Shelton 
NCPEA past-president
George Fox (OR) University

As we head into the final half of the final month of 2014, I thought it appropriate to use this month’s NCPEA Talking Point to reflect on the year’s work of the executive board on behalf of our member professors.  Each summer conference includes a keynote presentation by the executive director and the current president summarizing the state of the organization.  The purpose of this address each year is to provide members with the highlights of initiatives that elected members, NCPEA’s consultants, and the executive director have prioritized as topics of emphasis during the previous regular meetings of the executive board, as well as ongoing work on the day-to-day business of NCPEA.
First, this serves as a reminder of recent initiatives of past presidents and the continued work on those important topics.  Fenwick English (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill), who was recently re-elected to the NCPEA Executive Board (EB), focused on expanding the voice of professors from Historically Black Colleges and Universities, Hispanic Serving Institutions, and Native American Tribal Colleges and Universities during his presidency.  The executive board continues to work on this then-presidential initiative with the leadership of two current affiliate members, professors Mariela Rodriquez from the University of Texas at San Antonio and Tawannah Allen, Fayetteville (NC) State University.  A recent recommendation to the EB included seeking to extend the role of the current affiliate members beyond the original 3-year period, while identifying prospective affiliate members representing professors from all institutions to facilitate future transitions with training for board service.
An initiative of past-president Carol Mullen (Virginia Tech) was to advance the work of NCPEA as an international organization encouraging worldwide college and university professors of educational administration to prepare leaders for service in schools around the world.  Rosemary Papa (Northern Arizona University) was selected as the first NCPEA International Ambassador and serves as an affiliate member.  This work continues under Rosemary’s leadership with action to pilot a partnership between NCPEA and the Flagstaff Seminar: Educational Leaders Without Borders.  This collaboration includes EB members serving as a sub-committee to advise and monitor the partnership during the three-year pilot.  In a recent email to over seventy professors, Rosemary invited members of FS:ELWBs to prepare to “increase co-hosting responsibilities” with the NCPEA Executive Board in Washington, D.C. (2015), Detroit, Michigan (2016), and San Juan, Puerto Rico (2017).  The EB worked on a Memorandum of Understanding between the two organizations during 2014 to prepare for the first joint conference at the Sheraton Pentagon City, August 1-7, 2015.  Dr. Papa concluded with, “Part of our strategy is to ensure some funds are generated to help scholars world-wide to attend.”  The EB approved a line item within NCPEA’s 501 (c)(3) non-profit budget, so donations can be made to fund support for increased participation from professors around the world, in addition to extending NCPEA membership to international professors based on the World Bank ratings for individual countries.
Established in 1947, the National Council of Professors of Educational Administration (NCPEA) continues its commitment to serve the interests and needs of professors of educational administration and practicing school leaders.”  NCPEA has historically been a professional organization for individual members and to serve to benefit its members as teachers, scholars, and leaders in service to others. To this vision’s end, the NCPEA Executive Board has worked to expand the promotion and tenure opportunities and to extend the reach of ideas of our member professors through NCPEA Publications, our sponsored, peer-reviewed journals and NCPEA Press, sponsored, peer-reviewed books.  The EB continued the work to create “industry-standard” publications through approving a reorganization of the executive director’s responsibilities and charging Brad Bizzell from Radford (VA) University, as NCPEA director of publications to work with Jim Berry, NCPEA executive director, to propose software and hardware upgrades to accomplish this goal.  This represents an important future direction for the organization and acknowledges the work that Ted Creighton, professor emeritus at Virginia Tech, accomplished in positioning NCPEA’s publication arm.
As an organization of and for member professors, NCPEA continues to recognize the work of its members’ shaping the field of educational administration through the annual Living Legends Award.  The EB recently expanded this recognition of selfless service through a periodic and timely Distinguished Service Award.  NCPEA board members participate with past recipients of Living Legends awards to identify a professor deserving of this level of recognition and encourages nominations to be sent to the executive director for the Distinguished Service Award.
“The mission of NCPEA, as a professional academic organization, is to advance the field of educational administration, both in leadership and management, through research, teaching, and service, as a means to prepare aspiring and practicing educational administrators.”  The NCPEA Executive Board completed its strategic planning session at the summer conference in Camarillo, California, hosted by CAPEA and Gary Kinsey from California State University Channel Islands, in preparation for the long-range planning for membership held every five years.  The Whithers Session provided members with an opportunity for input and information for NCPEA’s direction from new initiatives identified in 2014, ahead of the next Washington, DC Summit held every five years on the “5’s and 0’s.”  One sub-committee is actively meeting to work on membership proposals ranging from institutional membership (see the upcoming NCPEA December Newsletter from Jim Berry) to student ambassadors and current practitioners – who may be transitioning to professorial roles.  Another initiative, leading to an EB sub-committee, proposed an inaugural application process to grant a total of $5,000 to quality proposals seeking to implement the mission and vision of NCPEA to “advance the field” and “serve the needs” of educational administrators and professors (see the upcoming newsletter).  The EB identified this as a strategic initiative aligned to our non-profit status with the Internal Revenue Service.  This is a tangible way to give back to the field a portion of revenues from the annual conference and our publications through recognizing and encouraging deserving work to improve the preparation of future leaders and the professional development of current leaders aligned to the NCPEA’s mission and vision.  Hopefully, this grant amount will continue to grow as NCPEA members expand their reach through presentations at our conferences, publishing through our journals in NCPEA Publications, and books in the NCPEA Press.
The work of 2014 culminated officially with our final meeting of the EB on December 15th and it will continue into 2015 under the leadership of NCPEA president Carleton Holt (University of Arkansas).  But we know that it actually continues immediately day-to-day with the quality and consistent work of Jim Berry, our executive director from Eastern Michigan University.  On behalf of the NCPEA Executive Board, thank you for you work to serve the organization, its members, and others in your roles throughout the United States and the world.  We are committed to the quality preparation of educational leaders and this work is best accomplished through professors in programs who seek to be accountable to those that we serve with and to those we serve.  The National Council of Professors of Educational Administration is a great place to learn, to share what we learn with our colleague professors, and to use what we learn and share to better prepare aspiring and practicing educational administrators.  May you be blessed throughout the upcoming holiday season and have a prosperous New Year 2015, one in which you and our organization thrives.

Sunday, September 28, 2014

State Affiliate Operation and Directory

September 2014 NCPEA Blog
Dr. Carleton R. Holt, President & Executive Board Member
Beverly J. Irby, Executive Board Member
At the NCPEA Annual Summer Conference in Camarillo, California, the State Affiliate gathering was held in the Grand Salon on Friday, August 8, 2014.  Dr. Marc Shelton welcomed attendees, reminding those from states not already organized that NCPEA has a State Affiliate Website Section located at http://ncpeaprofessor.org/ncpea-affiliates/ with twelve states identified.  If your state is organized, you can contact Lauren Shackleford, lshackle@emich.edu, to add your NCPEA institutional affiliate information.  In addition, President Shelton shared NCPEA’s history of state affiliates co-hosting our summer conferences since 2004 and announced that NCPEA will begin hosting with the Washington DC summit in 2015.  He stressed a desire for an expanded communication effort with representatives from the State Affiliates on a semester basis as a part of NCPEA’s Strategic Plan for future operations.  New President Holt and Dr. Irby irbyb@tamu.edu from the Executive Board will be leading this effort using online meetings with camera and microphone connection to share events, actions, conflicts, or questions to update representatives from other states.  This should provide timely information and help on a regular basis instead of annual discussion.  Dr. Holt distributed an information form created by Dr. Irby, with each of the eleven states in attendance to identify a contact representative to participate in this new venture.  Each state was asked to indicate two significant actions that their state covered since our last joint meeting a year ago in New Jersey:
Arizona Professors of Educational Administration – Held annual Leadership and Research Conference, and Higher Education Division met monthly with all divisions of the ASA.
Arkansas Professors of Educational Administration – Use of online conferencing to unify our voice for influencing policy and legislation.  Held annual state conference, worked with state department to deal with desired changes to administrative licensure.
California Association of Professors of Educational Administration – Advocacy for strong voice for “no test,” and has NCPEA publishing their professional journal.
Florida Association of Professors of Educational Leadership – Held two association meetings, and has associated with the Florida Association of School Administrators to begin a series of new initiatives.
Georgia Educational Leadership Faculty Association – Founded state approved programs to offer certification.
Illinois Professors of Educational Leadership – Working on implementing a new statewide licensure program while addressing declining university enrollment.
Michigan Association of Professors of Educational Administration – Sponsored an annual Virtual Research Symposium, provided opportunities for technical support for state program re-authorization, and began the planning for hosting the NCPEA 2016 Conference in Detroit.
Missouri Professors of Education Administration – Have re-written leadership standards, and written a new performance based test with student uploaded artifacts.
Oregon Professors of Educational Administration – Partnerships: state licensing commission to revise preparation standards based on the ELCC refresh, Oregon’s principal professional organization alignment (Concordia of Chicago) with ORPEA’s program design, and conducting a statewide satisfaction survey to collect updated data from previous surveys in 2002 and 2009.  
Texas Council of Professors of Educational Administration – Conducted the Graduate Research Exchange, and operates the TASA/TCPEA peer reviewed journal named the School Leadership Review.
Virginia Professors of Educational Leadership – Key work of the year has been linking with professors of educational leadership throughout the state.

Online Contact Information:
Arizona – Michael Schwanenberger, Northern Arizona U, Michael.schwanenberger@nau.edu
Arkansas – David Bangs, Harding U, dbangs@harding.edu
California – Delores Lindsey, CSU San Marcos, dlindsey@csusm.edu
Florida – Daniel Reyes-Guerra, Florida Atlantic U, dreyes@fau.edu
Georgia – Don Leech, Valdosta State U, dwleech@valdosta.edu
Illinois – Karen Carlson, Dominican U, kcarlson@dom.edu
Michigan – Barbara Klocko, Central Michigan U, klock1ba@cmich.edu
Missouri – Ginny Altrogge, Webster U, valtrogge75@webster.edu
Oregon – Marc Shelton, George Fox University, mshelton@georgefox.edu
Texas – Sandy Harris, Lamar U, drsandy@flash.net
Virginia – Ted Price, Virginia Tech, pted7@vt.edu
In closing, I encourage the above organizations to respond to our first online meeting in support of this new NCPEA Communication Strategic Plan.  If others would like to join at this time, please contact us and we will add you to this expanded effort.

Carleton R. Holt, NCPEA President, University of Arkansas, cholt@uark.edu

Wednesday, February 19, 2014

State Affiliate Operation and Directory

February 2014 NCPEA Blog
Dr. Carleton R. Holt, President-Elect & Executive Board Member
Dr. Pauline Sampson, Executive Board Member
State Affiliate Operation and Directory

At the NCPEA Annual Summer Conference in the Meadowlands, New Jersey, the State Affiliate gathering was held in the ballroom on Tuesday, August 6, 2014.  Dr. Pauline Sampson welcomed attendees, reminding those from states not already organized that NCPEA has a State Affiliate Website Section located at http://ncpeaprofessor.org/wp-admin/&reauth=1/ncpea-affiliates/ with twelve states identified.  If your state is organized you can contact Angela Elkordy, aelkordy@emich.edu, to add your NCPEA institutional affiliate information.

Pauline introduced Dr. Carleton Holt from Arkansas who shared their website information while reviewing their organizational purpose, development of constitution, by-laws, and connections with established committees of the Arkansas Department of Education, the Arkansas Association of Educational Administrators, the Secretary of Education, and legislative committees.  Other affiliates may also use this website at http://arpea.uark.edu/ as an example for developing similar operations with other institutions in their home states.

Dr. Ted Creighton at tcreigh@vt.edu reported that NCPEA will publish a state journal for $450.  We have nine state contacts in the research directory.  While enjoying refreshments the following representatives shared information about their State's operation:

Michigan stated that they have 18 institutions with educational leadership prep programs.  Michigan reported on  a successful virtual graduate symposium for their students to present and get feedback on research papers.  They feel the need for a new website and are working on redoing their by-laws.  They have a representative from the state who is at their meetings every time.   They have changed standards and done crosswalks for certifications.  Alternative certification is most challenging now.  It is time consuming and takes away from the programs.  They are working with the Wallace Foundation for outreach.  They also are going to professional meetings to have a presence.  They are looking at teacher leadership as part of the education leadership.  They have 14 institutions with educational leadership.  They use credit cards for membership.  They have two meetings each year with 200 members last year.

Oregon has nine institutions with educational leadership programs.  They have contracted with Concordia.  They have been able to work with the Commissioner to make sure they are at the table.

Texas reported that they have a journal which is published three times a year and that they meet two times a year and present in conjunction with two state major conferences of Texas Association of School Administrators and Texas Association of School Boards.

Florida has new accountability standards.  They are using the value added for school principals.   Since graduates take awhile to get administration positions, their concerns are alternate routes to certification.  School districts such as Miami Dade may do own programs of certification.  Therefore the numbers at public universities with educational leadership programs are down.  Teachers are not given increases in salary stipends unless they go into administration.  Universities are not hiring as many tenure track positions.

Ohio is similar to Florida in concerns.  They are watching conservative ideas from Race to the Top.  The number of students in the Master’s programs is decreasing. The teacher leader endorsement has picked up.

New York stated that they had 56 institutions with education leadership programs working together on a presentation.

California is working on a fall conference and inviting doctoral students to come and do poster presentations.  Darling Hammond is their State Teacher Credential Person who recommends administrator performance expectations.  They no longer have opportunities for teachers to just take an exam in order to get an administrator certification.  They will be hosting NCPEA in 2014 in Channel Islands.

Virginia has 19 institutions that have educational leadership programs.  They are loosely organized.  They have two meetings each year.  They are realigning their competencies and had to send all their syllabi to the state to make sure the courses connect with the state.  They have a new principal evaluation instrument.  They are working on the superintendent assessment.  They have some in-service during each meeting.

Alabama has 14 institutions in the state that have educational leadership programs.  They have planned activities for the year.  They have started advisory councils to discuss issues that impact the programs.  Their fall meeting had record attendance.  They also have a spring conference with more graduate students presenting.  They will have a journal published in spring 2014 by NCPEA.  They publish two newsletters each year.   They are working with the governor who has started to use their organization to insure that memos are sent to all institutions.

The next scheduled NCPEA State Affiliate Meeting is planned during the California Summer Conference to be held on Friday, August 8, 2014 from 8:00-9:15 am on the campus of California State University – Channel Islands in Camarillo, California.  So, come for the Continental Breakfast that morning at 7:30 am, and then share your state’s information with others in attendance.
If this review of NCPEA’s State Affiliate information appears to be of value to circumstances occurring in your location, please consider talking with other institutions in your state, taking a look at the Arkansas Professors of Educational Administration’s website, and start a joint effort to meet the challenges facing Educational Leadership Programs of Study.


Carleton R. Holt

Monday, January 6, 2014

Gender Equity and Leadership: The Need for Further Conversations

Pauline Sampson
Associate Professor
Stephen F. Austin State University

            The conversation on gender equity in leadership positions is still needed.  A recent news report on December 11, 2013 on the ABC news gave information that women still experience bias in hiring (ABC news, 2013).  According to this report women perceive that they have not received jobs because of their gender.  The report then described a hiring experiment conducted at Yale University on interviews with a man and woman actors answering exactly the same way.  Observers of the interviews were asked to determine who they would hire and evaluate the interviewees.  The majority chose the man to hire and stated they found the woman more aggressive, less likable, and less likely to get the job.

            The conversations on equity are an important topic for educational leadership preparation programs as we guide and instruct future leaders of schools and organizations. Educational leadership programs are complex groups within the larger complex organization of the colleges and universities.  As professors of other leaders, it is important to stay in touch with the current needs and trends in the schools.  Professors also lead the research and conversations on changes and equity issues in education.  Gender equity continues to need research.  As I examine the steady, but slow growth of more women leading our schools as superintendents, I realized that there also has been slow growth in women as leaders of our colleges and universities.  The discussion is still needed on why women may not be choosing a career as the presidents of colleges and universities.  Or why women are not proceeding faster into these high profile positions of superintendents and university presidents.

            As I explored gender equity in the high profile positions, I examined my own state of Texas.  Texas was slightly worse than the nation for gender equity at public universities’ highest position. Twenty nine public universities in Texas showed that seven were led by females (24%) and 22 were led by males (76%).  The majority of the presidents of the Texas universities were white males, which is consistent with the nation.  Two of the seven universities with women presidents in Texas have women that are retiring this year. National figures for college and university presidents show that most are led by white males (ACENET, 2012).  ACENET also found that there has been growth in women holding the highest leadership position from 23% in 2006 to 26% in 2011.  But that means that there are still 74% of the universities led by males.

            As we explore women in leadership, it may help to look back to women’s experiences at the undergraduate leadership opportunities to gain some insight into future women’s leadership aspirations. One research report that  looked at the early leadership of women in undergraduate was conducted at Princeton University (Princeton, 2011). Princeton studied leaders of different groups within universities and found fewer were led by females. Further, this study asked the question, whether women were choosing less high profile positions at the university?  They suggested that men were quicker to speak up while women reflected longer prior to answering or speaking out.  Perhaps the men were then seen as choosing to want the leadership more.

            This Princeton report suggested that there continues to be a need to talk openly about gender and leadership.  As I talk with others about gender issues and leadership, I hear a wide variety of stances.  Some feel there is no longer a need to discuss equity as women have access to all positions. Others state the support of networking and how differently either gender approaches the networking for advancements.  Some say that women are underselling themselves (Princeton University, 2011, p. 7).  Additionally, when women do aspire and reach to prominent leadership positions whether in school districts or universities, then stereotypes may need to be further examined carefully.  

            A reason that people might not select the president or superintendent as a career path is because of the increasing demands of the high profile jobs. Men and women to not choose the high stress jobs with demands for higher student performance with less resources, or demands to find additional resources (Zagier, 2013). Previous research on women in leadership roles examined women leaders as being successful because they held certain attributes such as risk takers with strong ambitions to succeed and abstract reasoning skills (Laff, 2007).  Other researchers identified the discrimination practices in the workplace that caused fewer women to succeed (Duehr & Bono, 2006; Eagly & Carli, 2007).

            Looking toward the administration at colleges and universities, there are many reasons why women may not be choosing or obtaining the president position. There has been some suggestions that there needs to be more role models in the field for other women so they will choose to apply for the lead positions in school districts and universities. Additionally, women may not network as well or position themselves in positions that lead to the presidency.  Some people have suggested that women have to balance work and family more. 

            One blog from a New York Times’ article shows different reactions to gender bias in leadership.  A blog from the New York Times’ article, “Gender Bias: Elite women put new spin on old debate” showed a wide variety of responses. An article by Anne-Marie Slaughter, a former State Department Executive, stated that the workplace needs to change if women are to have families and also find success as executives (Slaughter, 2012).  Conversely, Sheryl Sandberg, a Facebook executive, advocated that women can have families and also be successful in executive positions with no change to the workplace but rather they need to be aware of how women are viewed in striving for leadership positions (Sandberg, 2013). The dialogue between bloggers showed one common theme of the difficult balance between careers and family. The attention on women executive is still shifting for how to balance family life with work and how this affects women school executives as well as barriers for women obtaining leadership positions. Further, the blog had a high response rate of women sharing their own experiences on work and its effect on their families with a sense that many women are not in executive roles in the work place because they choose not to be in the highest leadership roles or they are just surviving the demands of work and family. One blog response stated,

Putting in insane hours at work does not always equal being at the very top one percent of one’s profession. Lots of moms (and dads) have to work overtime, or even take more than one job just to make ends meet. Just because you are working … doesn’t mean you are reaping commensurate financial rewards or enjoying a measure of respect.  I guess I’m saying I don’t think the average person who reads the .. and comments on this article  really knows what a typical job is anymore. Things are tough out there and this entire conversation, while important, almost completely sidesteps the concerns of the majority of women with children.  I don’t know what the answer is.

        Another issue related to gender is the different issues that arise based on being a woman. A minority women president suggests that women leaders must deal with different issues than their male colleagues. Knight (2011) shared that only 4% of all college and university presidents are women of color.  She further shared that women who aspire to leadership positions often have to decide on how to position themselves with aspects of their physical attire and looks as well as finding supportive mentors while staying true to their own style and individuality. 

            There may be many reasons for fewer women in the highest level of leadership of school districts and universities.  But the conversation needs to continue if we want to be prepared for a retiring work force that has a majority of white males leading universities and school districts. Additionally, the conversations and research are important for a better understanding of the work place and leadership as it relates to gender.


ABC News (December 11, 2013). Women experience surprising bias in the workplace.  Retrieved from http://abcnews.go.com/WNT/video/women-endure-suprising-bias-workplace-21186867.

ACENET (2012). Leading demographic portrait reveals ongoing challenges in diversity, aging. American Council on Education, March, 12, 2012. Retrieved from http://www.acenet.edu/news-room/Pages/ACPS-Release-2012.aspx.

Duehr, E. E., & Bono, J. E. (2006). Men, women, and managers: are stereotypes finally changing?. Personnel Psychology, 59(4), 815-846.

Eagly, A. H., & Carli, L. L. (2007). Women and the labyrinth of leadership. Harvard Business Review, 85(9), 62.

Knight, H. J. (2011). From where I sit: Race, gender, and the college presidency. Association of American Colleges and Universities, 40(1). Retrieved from  http://www.aacu.org/ocww/volume40_1/fromwhereisit.cfm?section=1

Laff, M. (2007). The invisible wall. T+D, 61(3), 32–38.

Princeton University (March, 2011). Report of the Steering Committee on Undergraduate Women’s Leadership.  Retrieved from www.princeton.edu/reports/leadership

Sandberg, S. (April, 2013). Sheryl Sandberg, “Lean in” author: When a woman is competent, she doesn’t seem nice enough.  Huffington Post, April 23, 2013. Retrieved from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/04/23/sheryl-sandberg-lean-in-competent-nice_n_3134913.html

Slaughter, A. M. (July/August, 2012).  Why women still can’t have it all.  The Atlantic. http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2012/07/why-women-still-cant-have-it-all/309020/

Zagier, A. S. (2013). College presidents escape leadership pressures by moving to smaller schools.  The Huffington Post, November 3, 2013.  Retrieved from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/11/03/college-presidents-smaller-schools_n_4209873.html